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Internal Combustion
by Edwin Black


These images are for educational and informational viewing only. They may not be downloaded, re-used or licensed without specific permission from the archival institutions noted.


Sketch of Galvani's laboratory with frog legs and electrical apparatus, ca 1791

Public domain

Electric Taxi in Manhattan, ca 1898

Smithsonian Institution, National American Museum of History/Transportation

George Selden's primitive patent sketch, November 1895, which controlled internal combustion machines well into the twentieth century

Author's Collection


Henry Ford fights back with a defiance advertisement

Author's Collection

The Electrant, General Electric's public vehicle recharger, invented in 1899; 1914 model shown

Electrical World Magazine, 1915 via IEEE Power and Energy Magazine

Henry Ford and Thomas Edison promote electric cars in a 1914 Saturday Evening Post advertisement

Author's Collection


Second experimental Ford-Edison electric car, driven by Ford engineer Fred Allison at Ford's Highland Park barn, Summer 1914

The Henry Ford Collection, Benson Ford Research Center

GM president Alfred Sloan, on right, wearing spats, with E. I. du Pont chairman Pierre du Pont

Library of Congress


A working Newark trolley; Newark trolleys burn in late 1930s; A Minneapolis trolley burns in 1952

Mankoff Collection; Minnesota Street Car Museum via John Diers


A strand of film with embedded Konarka nanosolar

Konarka Technologies, Inc.

Honda Hydrogen Fuel Car, FCX, with home refueling unit, being rushed into development

American Honda Co.

Copyright © 2006 - 2020 Edwin Black
All Rights Reserved. No part of this work covered by the copyright hereon may be used in any form or by any means--graphic, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, taping or information storage and retrieval systems--without the written permission of the publisher.